Hanna Nakkara,Lawyer of the Land and the People
Explore his collection on the Palestinian Museum Digital Archive
Since its launch in 2018, the Palestinian Museum Digital Archive continues to discover personal and familial archives and put together the pieces of the Palestinian archive in Palestine, Jordan and Lebanon. The project deals with different archival items including photographs, documents, and audio-visual records which shed light on personal experiences, behavioral patterns and social practices during the last two decades.
In the special light of the Digital Archive, we present the Hanna Naqqara Collection, known as the Lawyer of the Land and the People, which the Digital Archive team succeeded in reaching, along with tens of other archives from the 1948 Occupied Palestinian Territory. Nowadays, the team is working on completing the digitization, archivation and translation of the collection, so that it would be soon available to the public on the Digital Archive website.
Hanna Naqqara was born in 1912 in Rameh village, to the north of Acre City, he then moved with his family to live in Haifa in 1919, then to Lebanon following the 1948 Nakbeh. The Collection includes several photographs and documents, which dates the life of Hanna Naqqara, along with his professional and political career, and shows him through his work as a lawyer and a politician in the Communist Party.
Naqqara is considered to be the founder of the Communist Party and a founder of the Committee for the Defense of Arab Lands. Since 1948, he has defended the right of Palestinians who were expulsed and displaced, and the rights of the Galilee people in cases against the Israeli Military ruling. He met with several Palestinian leaders such as Rasheed Hajj Ibrahim, Ahmad al-Khalil, a supreme judge in Haifa, Ahmad Shuqairi, poet Abdel Karim Karmi (Abi Salma) and Emil Habibi, where they discussed the issues facing the thousands of Palestinian refugees in Lebanon.
Taken in the 1960s, this photograph captures Hanna Nakkara wearing the Russian Ushanka (a traditional Russian fur hat) during his visit to Moscow with the Communist Party of Palestine.
Printed in Arabic in the late 1950s, this document shows Hanna Nakkara’s business card featuring his phone number, house address, and the address of his office in Haifa.
Taken in 1957 at the Moscow Kremlin, this photograph captures Hanna Nakkara with friends from the Communist Party on a trip to Russia.
Taken in Cyprus in 1961, this photograph captures the first meeting between Hanna Nakkara and Salma Bahou Vincenti, his sister-in-law, since the displacement of both families in 1948; as some stayed in Lebanon while the rest managed to return back to Haifa.
Taken in 1964, this photograph captures Hanna Nakkara with his daughter Na’ela and son Tony during a family trip to Tiberias.
Taken in the 1960s, this photograph shows Hanna Nakkara and his wife Alice with Emile Habibi and his wife Nada at a dinner party in Nazareth.
Taken in 1970, this photograph captures Hanna Nakkara on a family trip to Nicosia, the capital of Cyprus.
Found in the Hanna Nakkara Collection, this document shows the Electoral Program of the Democratic Front for Peace and Equality (Hadash) issued in May 1977. The electoral tour begins from the 10th to the 15th of May 1977 in Lod, Yafa, Nazareth, Ramla, Jatt, Bi’ina and other areas.